Discuz! Board

 找回密码
 立即注册
搜索
热搜: 活动 交友 discuz
查看: 673|回复: 0

想在美国自驾游必先了解美国的四大高速公路系统

[复制链接]

3

主题

3

帖子

21

积分

管理员

Rank: 9Rank: 9Rank: 9

积分
21
发表于 2015-11-14 01:38:16 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
暑假将至,相信大家想要出游的心已经蠢蠢欲动,开始定制各种攻略计划了。随着近年来美国签证越来越松,更多的朋友选择去美国自由行,自驾游。这次主要和大家聊一下美国的高速公路系统及常用标识。

    到过美国的人,都知道美国铁路不是全国交通运输的老大,铁路在交通运输中扮演着十分有限的角色。与此相对照的是密如蜘蛛网、遍布全国的高速公路系统。高速公路宽敞、干净、周边服务设施周到,在美国的经济发展以及民众生活中起到了无可替代的作用,是工商业发达的产物,也是经济发展的像征。现在到美国学习、生活、工作、游览、探亲的中国人越来越多,了解美国的公路系统及其常识是十分有必要的。

    美国的高速公路由四个不同的系统组成,这四个系统是州际高速公路(Interstate Highways)、美国国道(U.S. Highways)、州内高速公路(StateHighways)以及郡内公路(County Highways)。需要特别指出的是,在高速公路系统内,美国国道虽然号称“国道”,但国道在交通方面所起的作用远不及州际高速公路。



    所谓的州际高速公路,即连接不同州之间交通的公路系统,比如东海岸的95号高速公路,从北到南贯穿缅因、新罕布什尔、马萨诸塞、罗得岛、康涅狄格、纽约、宾夕法尼亚、新泽西、特拉华、马里兰、哥伦比亚特区、弗吉尼亚、北卡罗来纳、南卡罗来纳、佐治亚,直到佛罗里达。州际高速公路由联邦政府资助及管理,但平时路况的养护等则由州政府负责。州际高速公路是全国高速公路网的骨干。根据运输部的统计,2010年约占总数三分之一的汽车行驶里程数是在州际高速公路上行驶的。州际高速公路英文开头的第一个字母是“I”,因此凡以“I”打头的公路编号,就是指州际高速公路,比方I-95、I-80、I-10等。

    1956年州际高速公路法通过後,历经35年,到1992年才建成全国州际高速公路网,耗资1140亿美元。州际高速公路的建造有统一的标准,目的是最大限度地提高汽车行驶的安全性以及驾驶效率。通常来说,州际高速公路上的车速是同一地区各条公路上最高的。在人楼稠密的东部地区,州际高速公路上的最高限速相对西部及南部地区较低,时速在50英里至65英里之间(时速80公里至105公里),而在西部及南部人烟比较少的地区,限速往往在75英里以上(时速121公里),目前已知限速最高的是途经得克萨斯州西部地区的15号公路,限速85英里(137公里)。

    国道系统又称“美国编号公路”,这是州际高速公路建成前的主要公路系统,但因为建成时间早,在修建过程中又没有统一的标准,所以现在成为州内及地区间的交通要道。国道的管理由“美国公路与运输协会”牵头,平时路况的养护则由各州以及地方政府负责。由於州际高速公路的兴起,有些地区的国道已经退出历史舞台。

    州际高速公路的标志是一个盾形,顶端为红底,以白色书写INTERSTATE字样;其下为蓝底,用白色书写阿拉伯数字编号;编号的规律大致是东西向公路用偶数号码,南北向公路用奇数号码,比如70号公路是东西向的,95号公路是南北向的,十分容易分辨。东西向的公路,编号由南至北越来越大;比方10号公路在最南面,20号公路在北面,40号公路、64号公路、76号公路、94号公路等依次向北推移。南北向的公路,编号则采用由西向东越来越大的方法,比如5号公路在最西边,15号公路在东边,25号公路、49号公路、55号公路、65号公路、75号公路、77号公路、81号公路、85号公路、95号公路等依次向东推移。了解了州际高速公路的编号规律,很容易知道自己的大致方位,比方在5号公路上行驶,便知道是南北方向的,并且在美国的西边;在70号公路上行驶,就知道是东西方向的,应该在美国的北边。

Summer vacation will come, believe what you want to travel heart waiting, began to customize various strategy plan. As the American visa is more and more loose in recent years, more people choose to go to the United States free line, towns. The main chat with everyone in the United States highway system and the commonly used identification.

To the people in the United States, know the railway is not the nation's transportation, railway plays a limited role in the transportation. By contrast is thick as a spider's web, across the country highway system. Highway surrounding the spacious, clean, considerate service facilities, economic development and people living in the United States to the irreplaceable role, is the product of industry and commerce developed, also is the sign of economic development. To study in America now, live, work, visit, visit the more and more Chinese people, understand American highway system and its common sense is very necessary.

Highways in the United States is composed of four different system, the four is the Interstate highway system (Interstate Highways), the United States national highway (U.S. Highways), the state highway (StateHighways) and County highway, County Highways). Need special pointed out that the highway system, the United States national highway although the so-called "national road", but the national highway in the aspect of traffic far less than the role of the interstate highway system.



The interstate highway system, the connection between the different states of traffic highway system, such as highway 95 in the east coast, from north to south throughout Maine, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland and the district of Columbia, Virginia, north Carolina, south Carolina, Georgia, Florida. Interstate highway system funded by the federal government and management, but the state is responsible for the road maintenance at ordinary times, etc. The interstate highway system is the backbone of the national highway system. In 2010, according to the department of transportation statistics, accounts for about a third of the total car mileage is in interstate highway. The interstate highway system in English at the beginning of the first letter is "I", thus every road number that starts with a "I", is refers to the interstate highway system, for example the I - 95, I - 80 and I - 10.

Interstate highway through in 1956, after 35 years, to 1992 years to build the interstate highway system, cost $114 billion. Construction of the interstate highway system has a unified standard, the purpose is to maximize the safety of the car and driving efficiency. Generally speaking, the speed on the interstate highway system is in the same area of the highest on the road. In building people populated east, the highest speed limit on the interstate highway system is low relative to the west and the south, at 50 miles per hour to 65 miles (80 km to 105 km/h), and thus less people in the west and south, speed limits are often more than 75 miles (121 km/h), the highest speed limit was known through Texas west highway 15, the speed limit of 85 miles (137 kilometers).

National highway system, also known as "the number road", this is the interstate highway roads built in front of the main system, but since it built earlier, in the process of building and there is no uniform standard, so now in the state and regional traffic arteries. National highway management, led by the American association of highway and transportation, road maintenance is at ordinary times by state and local government is responsible for. Due to the rise of the interstate highway system, in some areas of the national highway has become relics.

INTERSTATE highway sign is a shield, the top of the red bottom, with white writing INTERSTATE words; Below, a blue background with white writing digits number; The law of the number is roughly east-west highway with an even number, north-south highway with an odd number, such as highway 70 east-west, highway 95, north and south, very easy to distinguish. East-west highway, numbered from south to north is more and more big; Road in the south, for example 10 highway in the north, 20 to 40 highway, highway 64, highway 76 and highway 94, in turn, to the north. North-south highway, serial number, using the method of increasing from west to east, such as 5 road in the west, the highway in the east, 15, 25 highway, highway 49, 55 highway, highway 65 and highway 75 and highway 77 and highway 81, highway 85 and highway 95 east passage in turn. Understanding the rule of the serial number of the interstate highway system, it is easy to know their general bearing, for example in the 5th road, will know that is the north-south direction, and on the west side of the United States; Driving on highway 70, is to know what direction, should be in the north of the United States.


回复

使用道具 举报

您需要登录后才可以回帖 登录 | 立即注册

本版积分规则

QQ|Archiver|手机版|小黑屋|途友网海外移民留学自驾游论坛 BBS.2U.CN. ( 京ICP备11018901号

GMT+8, 2018-5-25 09:09

Powered by Discuz! X3.2

© 2001-2013 Comsenz Inc.

快速回复 返回顶部 返回列表